Belgrade has the reputation of one of the greenest capitals in Europe, because it has large oases of nature both in the center and on the outskirts of the city. In the forests at the periphery of Belgrade live dozens of species of rare birds. As the sights of nature, 182 individual trees have been listed and protected in Belgrade. The green assets of Belgrade cover an area of over 4 000 hectares.
Compared to the build area, Belgrade parks are small and unequally allocated among the municipalities. In the parks dominate high trees, mainly deciduous species. There is around 30 different deciduous trees: maple and chestnut, linden, sycamore, acacia, poplar, ash, birch, etc. From conifer trees there are mainly: pine, fir, larch, cypress, etc. The Belgrade parks are considered as young – around 80-90 of trees are younger than 60 years.
The oldest park is Topčider, formed in the valley of Topčider river. In the first half of 19th century this landscape was full of vineyards and weekend houses of wealthy people. In 1831 Knez Miloš Obrenović started arranging the park, along with building the house, church, restaurant and casern.
Location: Between streets Rakovički put and Bulevar vojvode Mišića
Lines: Tram 3
Topčider (Serbian Cyrillic: Топчидер) is a forest park and an urban neighborhood of Belgrade. It is divided between in the municipalities of Čukarica, Rakovica and Savski Venac. Being close to downtown, it is one of the major locations for relaxation, picnics and fresh air for the citizens of Belgrade.
Location: Between street Beogradska, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra and Takovska
Lines: Tram 3, 6, 7 Bus 24, 26, 27
Tašmajdan Park (Serbian: Ташмајдански парк, Tašmajdanski park), colloquially Tašmajdan or simply just Taš, is a public park and the surrounding urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Vračar. In 2010-2011 the entire park saw its largest reconstruction since its creation in 1958.
Location: Between streets Krušedolska, Nebojšina and Bulevar oslobodjenja
Lines: Tram 9, 10, 14 Bus 31, 44, 47, 48, 59
Karađorđe's Park (Serbian: Карађорђев парк/Karađorđev park) is a public park and an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. While the park itself is located in Belgrade's municipality of Vračar, majority of what is today considered the neighborhood of Karađorđev Park is since 1957 located in the municipality of Savski Venac (though historically still within the old, much larger neighborhood of Vračar).
Location: Košutnjak is located 6 km southwest from the downtown Belgrade. It is bordered by the neighborhoods of Topčider to the north and west, Kanarevo Brdo to the northwest, Rakovica and Skojevsko Naselje to the south
Lines: Tram 3 Bus 53, 23
Košutnjak (Serbian Cyrillic: Кошутњак) is a park-forest and urban neighborhood of Belgrade. It is divided between in the municipalities of Cukarica (upper and central parts) and Rakovica (lower part). In the 19th century it represented a hunting ground for Serbian royal family and latter on it became one of the most favorite weekend getaways for citizens of Belgrade.
GREAT WAR ISLAND
Location: In he confluence of Sava and Danube rivers
Great War Island (Serbian: Велико ратно острво, Veliko ratno ostrvo) is a river island in Belgrade. It is located at the confluence of Sava and Danube rivers. Though uninhabited, the island is part of the Belgrade City proper, and belongs to the city municipality of Zemun.
Location: Between streets Tadeuša Košćuška, Cara Dušana and Bulevar vojvode Bojovića
Lines: Tram 2, 5, 7 Bus 24, 26, 79
Kalemegdan Park is the largest park and the most important historical monument in Belgrade. It is located on a 125-metre-high (410 ft) cliff, at the junction of the River Sava and the Danube. Its name is formed from the two Turkish words: "Kale" (meaning "fortress") and archaic word of Turkish origin "megdan" (meaning "battlefield"). Kalemegdan Park, split in two as the Large and Little Parks, was developed in the area that once was the town field. It provides places of rest and entertainment. Belgrade Fortress and Kalemegdan Park together represent a cultural monument of exceptional importance, the area where various sport, cultural and arts events take place, for all generations of Belgraders and numerous visitors of the city.
Location: Between street Takovska, Vojvode Dobrnjca, Dalmatinska and Bulevar despota Stefana
Lines: Bus 16, 23, 43, 58, 95 Trolley 28, 40
Botanical Garden Jevremovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Ботаничка башта Јевремовац) is the botanical garden of the University of Belgrade and also an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Stari Grad and is an administered by the University of Belgrade's Biology School.